There are 13 different owl species living in the most diverse habitats in Europe: ranging from the open tundra to primeval mountain forests; from the arctic north to steppe-like arid regions in the southeast of Europe. From the tiny, 50 grams pygmy owl to the eagle owl weighing up to 3200 grams. Each of them occupies a specific ecological niche. The species representative of the far north (Arctic owl, great grey owl, and hawk owl) are missing in Middle Europe. In open landscapes, the eagle owl is dominant whereas in the woods the Ural owl rules!